How to Set Up Effective Classroom Learning Centers for Elementary Students

Who says learning has to be boring? As an elementary teacher, you have the power to create a fun, interactive, and dynamic learning environment for your students. One way to do this is through classroom learning centers! These designated areas in your classroom offer students the chance to explore, experiment, and collaborate on a variety of hands-on activities, educational games, and other resources. With learning centers in your classroom, you can help your students stay engaged and excited while reinforcing and extending your key learning objectives.

Ready to learn about how to set up your classroom learning center? Let's dive in!

Benefits of Classroom Learning Centers

First and foremost, learning centers promote student independence. By giving students the chance to choose their own activities and work at their own pace, they can develop a sense of ownership over their learning. This also gives you time to focus on group instruction or providing individual feedback, while the rest of the class works independently.

Another advantage of classroom learning centers is that they allow for differentiated instruction. Since centers can be tailored to the different skill levels of your students, you can meet the needs of diverse learners. For example, students who need additional support can work on a specific skill, while another student who has achieved mastery over the same skills can advance to work on another skill that keeps them engaged.

In addition to promoting independence and differentiation, learning centers also foster creativity and critical thinking. By providing hands-on activities and opportunities for exploration, students develop problem-solving skills and learn to think outside the box. These are skills that are essential for students to succeed in their future inside and outside of the classroom.

Types of Classroom Learning Centers

Types of elementary school classroom learning centers

Let’s explore some of the most common types of learning centers that you can set up in your classroom.

Literacy Centers

Reading Center

Provide a variety of leveled books and reading materials, and encourage students to read independently or with a partner. This center promotes reading fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary development.

If you’re looking for more book fun, check out our guide on literature based STEM activities

Writing Center

Offer a variety of writing prompts, journals, and writing tools. This center encourages students to express their ideas through writing, and helps develop their writing skills.

Listening Center

Set up a listening station with audio books and headphones. This center promotes listening comprehension and can help struggling readers follow along with the text.

Math Centers

Manipulatives Center

Provide a variety of math objects such as counting blocks, pattern blocks, and geometric shapes. This center promotes hands-on learning, and helps students visualize and understand important math concepts.

Measurement Center

Offer measuring tools such as rulers, scales, and measuring cups. This center promotes estimation and measurement skills, and can be used to explore different math concepts such as length, weight, and volume.

Number Center

Provide a variety of games and activities that reinforce number sense, operations, and problem-solving. This center can be tailored to different skill levels, and can be used to address different learning styles.

Science Centers

Exploration Center

Provide materials such as magnifying glasses, rocks, and plants. This center encourages students to explore the natural world and promotes observation and inquiry skills.

Experiment Center

Offer materials for simple science experiments such as test tubes, baking soda, and vinegar. This center promotes hands-on learning and helps students understand scientific concepts such as cause and effect and chemical reactions.

Looking for more science inspiration? Check out our post on interactive STEM activities for elementary students.

Social Studies Centers

Geography Center

Provide maps, globes, and atlases. This center helps students develop their geography skills and learn about different cultures and places around the world or around the country.

History Center

Offer books, pictures, and artifacts related to different historical events or time periods. This center promotes historical thinking skills and helps students understand how the past influences the present. This center could also contain books about historical events or figures to reinforce learnings from your lesson plans.

Art Centers

Drawing Center

Provide drawing paper, pencils, markers, and other art supplies. This center encourages creativity and self-expression, and helps develop fine motor skills.

Painting Center

Offer paint, brushes, and smocks. This center promotes creativity and allows students to explore color and texture in a different way.

Collage Center

Provide different materials such as magazines, paper scraps, and glue. This center promotes creativity and helps students develop their artistic skills.

Sensory Centers

Sensory Bin Center

Create a sensory bin filled with materials such as rice, sand, or water beads. This center promotes sensory exploration and helps develop fine motor skills for students.

Calming Center

Create a cozy space with soft lighting, cushions, and calming music. This center promotes self-regulation and helps students manage their emotions.

Technology Centers

Computer Center

Provide access to age-appropriate educational games and online learning resources. This center promotes digital literacy, keyboarding skills, and can be used to reinforce learning across different subject areas.

Kodable, for example, makes a great addition to any technology center because it’s accessible on Ipads or computers and offers self-paced learning for students. This allows it to easily fit into any classroom lesson plan while also being a fun and engaging way for students to learn the basics of computer programming. Get started with Kodable today by trying our free educator plan.

A specific type of computer center can be a coding center for your students to learn about computer science. Learn how to set up your coding station in our online guide

Robotics Center

Offer programmable robots and building kits such as LEGO Mindstorms or Ozobot. This center promotes coding and problem-solving skills, and can be used to introduce students to engineering and design concepts.

Multimedia Center

Provide a variety of multimedia tools such as cameras, microphones, and video editing software. This center promotes digital storytelling and media literacy, and can be used to create and share multimedia projects related to different subject areas.

By offering a variety of interactive and engaging activities, learning centers provide students with the chance to explore, discover, and learn in a way that caters to their individual needs and interests. When it comes to bringing learning centers into your classroom, there are a range of options available to help you support student learning.

How to Set Up Classroom Learning Centers

How to set up a classroom learning center

When setting up classroom learning centers, it is important to consider the following:

  1. Selecting Appropriate Locations - Choose locations that are easily accessible and visible to students. Consider the amount of space needed for each center and make sure there is enough room for students to move around comfortably.
  2. Organizing and Labeling Materials - Organize and label materials to help promote independence and facilitate student use. You can use color-coded bins to identify materials for each center and ensure they are stored in a way that is easy for students to access and put away. 
  3. Establishing Clear Expectations and Procedures - Establish clear expectations for your learning centers, including rules, routines, and responsibilities. Teach your students how to use the center materials properly and emphasize the importance of respecting the materials and the needs of other students.
  4. Rotating and Refreshing Materials - Keep learning centers engaging and relevant by refreshing materials on a regular basis. This can include updating the content of centers, adding new materials or activities, or changing the layout or location of the centers. Consider involving students in the process of selecting and updating materials to increase their engagement and ownership of the centers.

Incorporating Technology in Classroom Learning Centers

Integrating technology in classroom learning centers can offer many potential benefits for elementary students, including increased engagement, improved digital literacy skills, and access to a wider range of resources.

Here are some examples of how technology can enhance learning centers:

Educational Apps

Use educational games or apps to supplement or reinforce learning in different subject areas. For example, students can practice math skills, improve their reading skills, or reinforce learnings while playing games!

Online Resources

Provide access to online resources such as digital textbooks, educational websites, and multimedia tools. For example, students can research social studies topics using National Geographic Kids. Check out more innovative teacher resources likes these in our online guide.

Interactive Tools

Use interactive tools such as interactive whiteboards or tablets to facilitate hands-on learning experiences. For example, students can explore the human body using virtual dissection tools.

When using technology in the classroom it’s important to maintain it so that it can be used over and over again. Here are some tips to help your students maintain classroom technology:

  1. Setting Clear Guidelines - Establish clear guidelines for using technology including rules and procedures for device use, internet access, and app selection.
  2. Monitoring Student Engagement - Monitor student engagement to ensure they are using them effectively and appropriately. 
  3. Troubleshoot Issues - Be prepared to troubleshoot technical issues that may arise, and have a plan in place for addressing problems quickly and efficiently. Kodable, for example, gives you the ability to preview and practice lessons beforehand to address issues before they arise.

By integrating technology in classroom learning centers, you can provide students with a range of engaging and interactive learning experiences that support their academic and digital literacy skills.

Differentiated Instruction in Classroom Learning Centers

Classroom learning centers allow you to accommodate diverse learners and provide opportunities for differentiated instruction. Here's how they can be designed to meet the needs of students with different learning styles, abilities, or interests:

Multiple Learning Modalities

Incorporate materials and activities that address different learning types, such as visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. For example, your literacy center could include books, audio books, and a writing station for students to create their own stories.

Varying Levels of Difficulty

Provide activities that vary in difficulty level, allowing students to work at their own pace and challenge themselves. For example, a math center could include basic addition and subtraction activities, as well as more advanced multiplication and division problems.

Personalized Choice

Offer students a choice of materials or activities based on their interests and preferences. For example, an art center could include a variety of art supplies and materials for students to create their own unique projects.

New to differentiated learning? Check out our full guide on strategies for differentiated instruction to see how to bring this type of learning into your classroom.

Assessment and Evaluation of Classroom Learning Centers

Effective classroom learning centers require continuous assessment and evaluation to ensure that they are meeting the needs of your students and support your learning objectives. To assess student progress and achievement in learning centers, use strategies like observation, informal assessments, and performance-based tasks. These in addition to assessment data can inform your instruction to help you make adjustments to the learning centers as needed. Additionally, collecting feedback from students, colleagues, or parents can help you continuously improve learning centers.

By regularly using assessment tools to evaluate the effectiveness of classroom learning centers, you can ensure that they are providing meaningful and engaging learning experiences.


Learning centers are just one example of how classroom management strategies can help you to engage students in their own learning process. But it’s important for you to go into learning centers with a plan to make sure they are adding to your learning objectives and don’t become a classroom distraction. When properly used, learning centers can help you reinforce key learning concepts to your students whether your looking to help improve reading, writing, math or other skills. With plenty of options to choose from now it’s time for you to start your journey with learning centers!

If you’re looking for a great learning center resource try Kodable to help teach students the basics of computer programming. Kodable can be used in small groups or individual students and self-paced lessons make for a great addition to any type of learning center you are trying to create. Get started today with Kodable’s free educator plan!